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About Prof. Haluk Akpinar

Haluk Akpınar هالوك أكبينار

Prof. Haluk Akpinar is a renowned urologist based in Istanbul, Turkey, whose pioneering work in robotic urooncologic surgery has garnered global recognition.


Prof. Akpinar’s journey began with his medical education at Marmara Medical Faculty in Istanbul, where he obtained his M.D. degree in 1990. He then went on to complete his urology residency at Istanbul Cerrahpasa Medical School from 1992 to 1997, honing his skills and gaining expertise in the field of urology.


However, it was his passion for minimally invasive surgery and robotic technology that set him apart from his peers. In 2005, Prof. Akpinar completed his training in robotic urology in Paris and Aalst-Belgium, becoming one of the first urologists in Turkey to embrace this cutting-edge approach to surgery. In fact, he was part of the surgical team that successfully performed Turkey’s first robotic radical prostatectomy in March 2005, a groundbreaking achievement that paved the way for a new era in urologic surgery.


Since then, Prof. Akpinar has continued to push the boundaries of what is possible with robotic surgery. In 2008-2009, he served as a research fellow at Wake Forest University in North Carolina, USA, where he focused on endourology and advanced robotic surgery. His dedication and expertise earned him the title of Associate Professor of Urology in January 2011.


Prof. Akpinar’s pioneering spirit and commitment to advancing the field of urology have led to numerous groundbreaking achievements. In 2011, he and his team successfully performed the world’s first robotic colovesical fistula repair operation, a complex procedure that was presented at the 31st World Congress of Endourology in New Orleans, garnering international acclaim.


Prof. Akpinar’s contributions to the field of urology extend far beyond the operating room. He has been an active member of various professional societies, including serving as the President of the National Minimal Invasive Urology Society from 2019 to 2021 and the Urologic Surgery Society North Marmara Section from 2017 to 2019. He is also a member of the European Urological Association and the American Urology Association, further showcasing his dedication to advancing the field on a global scale.


In addition to his clinical work and leadership roles in professional societies, Prof. Akpinar has also made significant contributions to scientific literature. He has authored 7 book chapters, published 36 articles in peer-reviewed international journals, and presented at numerous international and national meetings, with over 1470 citations in SCI journals. His extensive bibliography is a testament to his expertise and his commitment to sharing his knowledge with the broader medical community.


Prof. Akpinar’s impact has not been limited to Turkey. He has also served as an invited consultant robotic surgeon at Sabah Al-Ahmad Urology Center in Kuwait from 2014 to 2017, further showcasing his reputation as a leading expert in his field.


My conversation with Prof. Haluk Akpinar, MD.


What led you to specialize in urology surgery?

I was drawn to specialize in urology due to a combination of factors. One of the main reasons was my fascination with the complexity and diversity of urological conditions, which involve the urinary tract and male reproductive system. Urology offers a wide range of surgical procedures and treatments, from minimally invasive surgeries to complex reconstructive surgeries, which require specialized skills and knowledge.



‘Urology involves developing long-term relationships with patients, as many urological conditions require ongoing management and follow-up care.’


Another factor that led me to specialize in urology was the opportunity to make a significant impact on patients’ lives. Many urological conditions, such as prostate cancer, bladder cancer, kidney stones, and urinary incontinence, can greatly affect patients’ quality of life. As a urologist surgeon, I have the opportunity to diagnose, treat, and manage these conditions, helping patients improve their health and well-being.


Furthermore, urology is a dynamic field with continuous advancements in surgical techniques, technologies, and research, which keeps me engaged and motivated to stay updated with the latest developments. It provides me with opportunities for lifelong learning and professional growth.


Lastly, building relationships with patients and providing comprehensive care is fulfilling. Urology involves developing long-term relationships with patients, as many urological conditions require ongoing management and follow-up care. Building trust with patients and being a part of their healthcare journey is rewarding and gratifying.

هالوك أكبينار Haluk Akpınar


What are some common urological conditions that require surgery?

There are several urological conditions that may require surgery, depending on the severity and specific symptoms of the condition. Here are some of the most common urological conditions that may require surgery:


  • Kidney stones: When kidney stones are too large or too painful to pass on their own, surgery may be necessary. Common surgical treatments for kidney stones include shockwave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy, and percutaneous nephrolithotomy.


  • Bladder cancer: Surgery is often the primary treatment for bladder cancer, and may involve removing all or part of the bladder. Depending on the extent of the cancer, additional treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy may also be necessary.


  • Prostate cancer: Surgery may be necessary to remove the prostate gland in cases of prostate cancer. Other treatments such as radiation therapy and hormone therapy may also be used.


  • Prostate enlargement: Surgery may be necessary to treat an enlarged prostate, which can cause urinary issues. Common surgical treatments include transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and laser prostate surgery.


  • Urinary incontinence: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat urinary incontinence, which is the inability to control urination. Surgical treatments for incontinence include sling procedures and artificial urinary sphincter implants.


  • Pelvic organ prolapse: Surgery may be necessary to treat pelvic organ prolapse, which is a condition in which the pelvic organs (such as the bladder, uterus, or rectum) sag or droop. Surgical treatments for pelvic organ prolapse may include pelvic floor repair or vaginal mesh implantation.


  • Testicular cancer: Surgery may be necessary to remove the affected testicle in cases of testicular cancer. Depending on the extent of the cancer, additional treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy may also be necessary.


It’s important to note that not all cases of these urological conditions will require surgery, and the specific treatment plan will depend on the individual patient’s medical history and health.


How do you diagnose urological conditions that require surgery?

I diagnose urological conditions that may require surgery through a comprehensive evaluation. I begin by taking a detailed medical history, including the patient’s symptoms, duration of symptoms, past medical conditions, family history, and any previous urological treatments or surgeries. I then perform a physical examination, which may include a general physical examination as well as a focused examination of the urinary tract or reproductive organs, depending on the suspected urological condition.


‘The decision for surgery takes into account the patient’s overall health, the severity of the condition, and the potential risks and benefits of surgical intervention.’


Imaging studies such as X-rays, ultrasound, CT scans, and MRI may be used to visualize the urinary tract, reproductive organs, or surrounding structures to identify any abnormalities or lesions. I may also order urine tests, blood tests, and other laboratory tests to assess the patient’s kidney function, hormonal levels, and detect any signs of infection or inflammation. Urodynamic testing may be performed to assess the function of the bladder and urethra, particularly in cases of urinary incontinence or voiding dysfunction.


In some cases, I may perform endoscopic procedures such as cystoscopy, ureteroscopy, or prostate biopsy to visualize the urinary tract and obtain biopsies or treat specific conditions. A biopsy may also be performed to obtain a tissue sample for further examination, particularly in cases where cancer is suspected.


Based on the findings, I make a diagnosis and determine if surgery is indicated for the specific urological condition. The decision for surgery takes into account the patient’s overall health, the severity of the condition, and the potential risks and benefits of surgical intervention.


What are the risks and complications associated with urological surgery?

Like all types of surgery, urological surgery carries certain risks and potential complications. The specific risks and complications will depend on the type of surgery being performed, the patient’s medical history, and other individual factors. However, here are some potential risks and complications that may occur with urological surgery:



‘In many cases, the benefits of urological surgery outweigh the risks, especially when it is necessary to treat a serious or potentially life-threatening condition.’


  • Bleeding: Excessive bleeding during or after surgery is a potential risk, especially with more invasive procedures.


  • Infection: Surgery can increase the risk of infection, which may require antibiotics or additional treatment.


  • Anesthesia complications: General anesthesia can lead to complications such as nausea, vomiting, and allergic reactions.


  • Blood clots: Blood clots can form in the legs or lungs after surgery, which can be life-threatening.


  • Organ damage: Some urological surgeries, such as kidney or bladder surgeries, carry the risk of organ damage.


  • Urinary incontinence: Incontinence, or the inability to control urination, can occur after some urological surgeries.


  • Erectile dysfunction: Certain urological surgeries, such as prostate surgery, may carry the risk of erectile dysfunction.


  • Scar tissue formation: Scar tissue can form after surgery, which may cause pain, discomfort, or urinary issues.


It’s important to note that the risk of complications varies depending on the type of surgery and the individual patient’s medical history and health. I and the surgical team discuss the risks and potential complications with the patient prior to surgery and take steps to minimize these risks. In many cases, the benefits of urological surgery outweigh the risks, especially when it is necessary to treat a serious or potentially life-threatening condition.



What types of anesthesia are used during urological surgery?

There are several types of anesthesia that can be used during urological surgery, and the specific type used will depend on the type of surgery being performed, the patient’s medical history, and other factors.


  • General anesthesia: This is the most common type of anesthesia used during urological surgery. The patient is completely unconscious and unaware during the procedure, and the anesthesia is administered through an IV or inhaled gases.


  • Regional anesthesia: This type of anesthesia involves numbing a specific part of the body, such as the lower half of the body for a procedure like a prostate surgery or bladder surgery. This can be achieved through an injection of local anesthetics or by using nerve blocks.


  • Spinal anesthesia: This involves injecting a local anesthetic into the spinal fluid to numb the lower half of the body. This is commonly used for procedures like a prostatectomy, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), or bladder surgery.


  • Epidural anesthesia: This is similar to spinal anesthesia, but the anesthetic is injected into the epidural space outside the spinal cord. It can be used for procedures like nephrectomy, which involves removing a kidney.


The choice of anesthesia for urological surgery will be made by the patient’s anesthesia team in consultation with the surgeon and taking into account the patient’s medical history, preferences, and the specific requirements of the procedure.


What can patients expect during the recovery period after urological surgery?

The recovery period after urological surgery can vary depending on the type of surgery and the individual patient’s overall health. However, here are some general guidelines on what patients can expect during the recovery period:


‘With proper care and management, most patients are able to recover fully from urological surgery and return to their normal activities over time.’

  • Pain management: Patients may experience pain or discomfort after surgery, which can be managed with medication prescribed by the doctor.


  • Activity restrictions: Patients will likely need to limit their physical activity for a certain period of time after surgery, depending on the specific procedure. The doctor will provide instructions on when it is safe to resume normal activities.


  • Wound care: Patients may need to care for their incisions or wounds, which may involve changing dressings, keeping the area clean and dry, and avoiding activities that could disrupt the healing process.


  • Follow-up appointments: Patients will likely need to schedule follow-up appointments with their doctor to monitor their recovery and ensure that everything is healing properly.


  • Bladder function: Patients who have had urological surgery may experience changes in their bladder function, such as difficulty urinating or increased frequency or urgency. These issues can typically be managed with medication or physical therapy.


It’s important for patients to follow the instructions carefully during the recovery period and to contact their doctor if they experience any unusual symptoms or complications. With proper care and management, most patients are able to recover fully from urological surgery and return to their normal activities over time.


What advice would you give to patients who are preparing for urological surgery?

I would provide the following advice to patients who are preparing for urological surgery:


  • Follow preoperative instructions: It’s crucial to carefully follow any preoperative instructions provided by your urologist, which may include guidelines on fasting, medications, and hygiene. These instructions are designed to ensure your safety and optimize the success of the surgery.


  • Communicate with your healthcare team: Keep open lines of communication with your healthcare team, including your urologist, anesthesiologist, and surgical team. Inform them about any changes in your health, medications, or allergies, and ask any questions or express concerns you may have about the surgery.


  • Arrange for postoperative care: Make appropriate arrangements for postoperative care, including transportation to and from the hospital, assistance at home during recovery, and any necessary modifications to your daily routine or living environment.


  • Follow preoperative fasting guidelines: Follow the fasting guidelines provided by your urologist and anesthesiologist to avoid complications related to anesthesia. Typically, you will be instructed to avoid eating or drinking for a certain period of time before the surgery.


  • Prepare for recovery: Understand the expected recovery process and timeline for your specific surgery, including the potential for pain, swelling, limitations on physical activity, and restrictions on diet or medications. Arrange for necessary medications, medical supplies, and support at home during the recovery period.


  • Quit smoking and avoid alcohol: If you smoke, quitting prior to surgery can reduce the risk of complications and promote healing. Additionally, avoiding alcohol for a certain period of time before and after surgery can also minimize risks and optimize healing.


  • Follow medication instructions: Follow any medication instructions provided by your urologist, including which medications to continue or discontinue prior to surgery. Inform your urologist about any over-the-counter medications, herbal supplements, or vitamins you are taking.


  • Stay informed: Educate yourself about the specific urological condition being treated, the surgical procedure, and the potential risks and benefits. Ask questions and seek clarifications from your urologist to ensure you are well-informed and prepared for the surgery.


  • Follow a healthy lifestyle: Maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating a balanced diet, staying physically active within the limits provided by your urologist, and managing any underlying health conditions such as diabetes or hypertension.


  • Have a support system: Surround yourself with a supportive network of family, friends, or caregivers who can provide emotional support, assist with daily activities during recovery, and help you through the surgical process.


It’s essential to closely follow the instructions and guidance provided by the urologist to ensure a successful surgery and smooth recovery. Don’t hesitate to ask questions or seek clarifications about any aspect of the surgery or recovery process. Your urologist and healthcare team are there to support you throughout the entire process.


Can urological surgery be performed as an outpatient procedure, or is hospitalization required?

Many urological surgeries can be performed as outpatient procedures, meaning that the patient is able to go home on the same day as the surgery. However, the decision to perform a surgery as an outpatient procedure or to require hospitalization will depend on several factors, including the type of surgery, the patient’s medical history, and the complexity of the procedure.


Less invasive procedures such as cystoscopy, prostate biopsy, and some minor surgical procedures such as circumcision, hydrocelectomy, and varicocelectomy, are commonly performed as outpatient procedures.


On the other hand, more complex surgeries such as nephrectomy, prostatectomy, or radical cystectomy, may require hospitalization for a few days or longer to allow for proper monitoring and recovery. The doctor and anesthesia team will evaluate the patient’s overall health and determine the most appropriate setting for the procedure.


In some cases, the patient may be required to spend a night or two in the hospital for observation after an outpatient procedure, especially if they have any complications.


Ultimately, the decision to perform a urological surgery as an outpatient procedure or to require hospitalization will depend on a number of factors, and the doctor and medical team will work with the patient to determine the best course of action.

هالوك أكبينار Haluk Akpınar


What advancements in urological surgery are you most excited about?

There are several advancements in urological surgery that I find exciting and promising. Some of the key advancements include:


Robotic-assisted surgery: Robotic-assisted surgery, such as robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy, has revolutionized urological surgery. Robotic systems provide enhanced visualization, dexterity, and precision, allowing for minimally invasive surgery with faster recovery times, reduced pain, and improved outcomes.


Image-guided and targeted therapies: Image-guided therapies, such as focal therapy for prostate cancer and renal ablation techniques for small kidney tumors, allow for precise targeting of cancerous tissues while sparing healthy tissues. These techniques offer potential benefits in terms of reduced morbidity and improved functional outcomes.


Advances in minimally invasive techniques: Minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopy and endoscopy, continue to evolve with advancements in instrumentation, optics, and techniques. These techniques offer reduced postoperative pain, shorter hospital stays, and faster recovery compared to traditional open surgeries.


Personalized medicine: Advancements in genetic testing, molecular profiling, and biomarker research are paving the way for personalized medicine in urological surgery. Tailoring treatment plans based on individual patient characteristics and tumor characteristics can lead to more effective and targeted therapies, improving patient outcomes.


Advances in reconstructive and regenerative medicine: Reconstructive techniques, such as robotic-assisted urinary tract reconstruction and tissue engineering approaches, hold promise in improving outcomes for patients with urinary tract abnormalities or traumatic injuries. Regenerative medicine approaches, such as stem cell therapy, show potential for tissue repair and regeneration in conditions such as erectile dysfunction and urinary incontinence.


Telemedicine and digital health: Telemedicine and digital health technologies are transforming the way urologists interact with patients, particularly in remote or underserved areas. Telemedicine allows for remote consultations, monitoring, and follow-up care, expanding access to urological care and improving patient convenience and satisfaction.


These advancements are constantly evolving and have the potential to transform the field of urological surgery, offering improved outcomes, reduced morbidity, and enhanced patient care. As a urologist surgeon, staying updated with these advancements and incorporating them into practice can help provide the best possible care for patients.


How do you collaborate with other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive care for patients?

I collaborate with other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive care for patients in a multidisciplinary approach. This collaboration may involve:


  • Primary care physicians: I work closely with primary care physicians to ensure a coordinated approach to patient care. This may include exchanging information on patient medical history, sharing diagnostic test results, and collaborating on treatment plans.


  • Radiologists: Radiologists play a crucial role in diagnosing urological conditions through imaging studies such as X-rays, ultrasound, CT scans, MRI, and nuclear medicine scans. I collaborate with radiologists to interpret these imaging studies, which aid in the diagnosis and treatment planning for urological conditions.


  • Anesthesiologists: Anesthesiologists are responsible for administering anesthesia during urological surgeries. I work closely with them to assess the patient’s overall health status, determine the appropriate type and dosage of anesthesia, and manage any anesthesia-related concerns or complications.


  • Pathologists: Pathologists provide crucial information through the analysis of tissue samples obtained during biopsies or surgeries. I collaborate with pathologists to obtain accurate pathological diagnoses, which guide treatment decisions for urological conditions, such as cancer.


  • Oncologists: For patients with urological cancers, such as prostate, bladder, or kidney cancer, I collaborate with oncologists to develop comprehensive treatment plans, which may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or targeted therapy, based on the stage and type of cancer.


  • Nurses and support staff: I work closely with nurses and support staff, such as surgical teams, recovery room nurses, and outpatient clinic staff, to ensure seamless patient care, including pre-operative and post-operative care, medication administration, wound care, patient education, and coordination of follow-up appointments.


Collaboration with other healthcare professionals is essential to provide comprehensive care for patients with urological conditions. This multidisciplinary approach ensures that patients receive well-coordinated, evidence-based care that takes into consideration their unique medical history, condition severity, and treatment preferences, ultimately leading to better patient outcomes.


What are some tips for maintaining urological health and preventing the need for surgery?

There are several things that individuals can do to maintain urological health and prevent the need for surgery. Here are some tips:


  • Drink plenty of water: Staying hydrated is important for overall urological health. Drinking plenty of water helps to flush bacteria and other harmful substances from the urinary tract, reducing the risk of infection and other issues.


  • Practice good hygiene: Maintaining good hygiene is important for preventing infections. This includes washing the genital area regularly with mild soap and water, and wiping from front to back after using the bathroom.


  • Maintain a healthy diet: A diet that is high in fiber and low in sugar and processed foods can help to maintain good urological health. This can reduce the risk of conditions such as kidney stones and urinary tract infections.


  • Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can help to maintain a healthy weight, which can reduce the risk of urological issues such as incontinence and erectile dysfunction.


  • Don’t smoke: Smoking can increase the risk of several urological conditions, including bladder cancer.


  • Manage chronic conditions: Conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure can increase the risk of urological issues. Managing these conditions through medication and lifestyle changes can help to reduce the risk.


  • Regular checkups: Regular checkups with a urologist can help to identify urological conditions early on.



What are the benefits of minimally invasive urological surgery?

Minimally invasive urological surgery, also known as laparoscopic or robotic surgery, offers several benefits over traditional open surgery. Here are some of the key benefits of minimally invasive urological surgery:


  • Smaller incisions: Minimally invasive surgery uses smaller incisions than traditional open surgery, which reduces scarring and leads to a quicker recovery time.


  • Less pain: Because minimally invasive surgery uses smaller incisions, there is typically less pain and discomfort for the patient during and after the surgery.


  • Faster recovery: Minimally invasive surgery allows patients to recover more quickly than traditional open surgery, which means they can return to their normal activities sooner.


  • Lower risk of infection: Because minimally invasive surgery uses smaller incisions, there is a lower risk of infection than with traditional open surgery.


  • More precise: Minimally invasive surgery allows for greater precision and control during the procedure, which can lead to better outcomes and fewer complications.


  • Shorter hospital stay: Minimally invasive surgery often requires a shorter hospital stay than traditional open surgery, which can reduce healthcare costs and allow patients to return home sooner.


  • Better cosmetic results: The smaller incisions used in minimally invasive surgery can lead to better cosmetic results than traditional open surgery, which can be especially important for patients who are concerned about scarring or appearance.


Overall, minimally invasive urological surgery offers several significant benefits over traditional open surgery, and may be a good option for patients who require urological surgery. However, the specific type of surgery and approach will depend on the individual patient’s medical history and health, and should be determined in consultation with a urologist.



How do you approach working with patients who may be from different cultural backgrounds or who speak different languages than you?

I approach patients from different cultural backgrounds or languages with sensitivity and respect. I use professional medical interpreters, translated materials, and strive to understand their cultural beliefs and values. I involve patients and families in decision-making while upholding patient autonomy and rights. Effective communication and cultural sensitivity are key in providing optimal care.




What questions would you like your patients to ask you regarding their treatment?



‘It’s important for patients to feel empowered and informed about their treatment plan, and asking these questions can help them make informed decisions and actively participate in their own healthcare.’


I encourage my patients to ask questions to ensure they have a clear understanding of their treatment plan. Some questions I would like patients to ask me regarding their treatment include:


  • What are the potential risks and benefits of the proposed treatment?
  • Are there alternative treatment options available and what are their pros and cons?
  • What is the expected outcome or prognosis of the treatment?
  • What is the timeline and recovery process for the treatment?
  • Are there any lifestyle changes or precautions I need to take during or after the treatment?
  • What are the potential side effects or complications of the treatment?
  • How will the treatment impact my daily activities, such as work, exercise, or sexual function?
  • What are the follow-up and monitoring requirements after the treatment?
  • What are the costs associated with the treatment and are there any insurance or financial considerations to be aware of?
  • What should I do if I experience any unexpected symptoms or concerns related to the treatment?

It’s important for patients to feel empowered and informed about their treatment plan, and asking these questions can help them make informed decisions and actively participate in their own healthcare. As a urologist surgeon, I am always ready to address any questions or concerns my patients may have to ensure their understanding and comfort with their treatment plan.


What advice would you give to someone considering a career in urology surgery?

If someone is considering a career in urology surgery, here is some advice I would give:


  • Gain a strong foundation in general surgery: Urology is a specialized field that requires a solid foundation in general surgery. Prioritize gaining experience and expertise in general surgery techniques and procedures before pursuing urology.


  • Seek mentorship and training opportunities: Look for experienced urologists who can serve as mentors and provide guidance throughout your career. Seek out training opportunities, such as fellowships or specialized courses, to further enhance your skills and knowledge in urologic surgery.


  • Develop excellent communication skills: Urology surgery often involves sensitive topics related to urinary and reproductive health. Developing effective communication skills is crucial in building trust and rapport with patients, as well as collaborating with interdisciplinary healthcare teams.


  • Stay updated with advancements in technology and research: Urology surgery is a constantly evolving field with advancements in technology and research. Stay updated with the latest trends, techniques, and evidence-based practices through continuous education, attending conferences, and reading relevant literature.


  • Embrace teamwork: Urology surgery often requires collaboration with other healthcare professionals, such as radiologists, oncologists, and pathologists. Embrace teamwork and learn to work effectively in interdisciplinary settings to provide comprehensive care for your patients.


  • Develop a patient-centered approach: Urology surgery involves treating patients with diverse conditions, backgrounds, and needs. Develop a patient-centered approach by listening to patients, involving them in decision-making, and providing compassionate and personalized care.


  • Prioritize patient safety: Urology surgery, like any surgical specialty, involves potential risks and complications. Prioritize patient safety by adhering to best practices, following established protocols, and maintaining high standards of infection control and surgical safety.


  • Maintain a work-life balance: Urology surgery can be demanding in terms of workload and on-call responsibilities. It’s important to prioritize self-care and maintain a healthy work-life balance to avoid burnout and ensure long-term career sustainability.


  • Stay professional and ethical: Uphold professional and ethical standards in all aspects of your practice. Maintain patient confidentiality, practice evidence-based medicine, and always uphold the principles of medical ethics.


  • Stay passionate and committed: Urology surgery can be challenging, but also highly rewarding. Stay passionate, committed, and dedicated to providing the best possible care for your patients, and continue to learn and grow throughout your career.


Remember, pursuing a career in urology surgery requires dedication, hard work, and continuous learning. It can be a fulfilling and rewarding profession that allows you to make a meaningful impact on patients’ lives.


Some final words to your patients?

I would like to leave my patients with these final tips:


  • Follow your treatment plan: It’s important to adhere to the treatment plan discussed and agreed upon with your healthcare team. This includes taking medications as prescribed, attending follow-up appointments, and making necessary lifestyle changes.


  • Communicate openly: Open and honest communication with your healthcare team is crucial. Be sure to share any concerns, questions, or changes in your condition, so that we can provide the best care possible.


  • Take care of your overall health: Urological health is closely linked to overall health. Make sure to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, adequate hydration, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.


  • Educate yourself: Learn about your condition, treatment options, and potential risks and benefits. Educating yourself empowers you to be an active participant in your healthcare decisions.


  • Seek support: Coping with urological conditions can be challenging. Don’t hesitate to seek support from loved ones, support groups, or mental health professionals, as needed.


  • Don’t delay seeking medical care: If you notice any changes in your urinary or reproductive health, such as urinary symptoms, changes in sexual function, or other concerning symptoms, don’t delay seeking medical care. Early detection and treatment can lead to better outcomes.


  • Trust your healthcare team: Remember that your healthcare team is here to support you and provide the best care possible. Trust their expertise and work collaboratively with them to achieve optimal health outcomes.


As your urologist surgeon, I am committed to providing you with the best care possible. By actively participating in your treatment plan, maintaining overall health, seeking support, and trusting your healthcare team, we can work together to achieve the best possible outcomes for your urological health.